A breast biopsy is a procedure in which part or all of a suspicious breast growth is removed and examined, usually for the presence of cancer. The tissue sample is either suctioned out through a needle or cut out using a surgical procedure. A pathologist then examines and evaluates it under a microscope to identify non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) tissue, to determine which type of treatment, if any, is needed after.
Non-surgical biopsies tend to be less stressful and minimize trauma to tissue, but are not always as reliable as surgical biopsies in producing a conclusive diagnosis, as at times the tissue sample size is not large enough to be as accurate as a surgical biopsy. Typically, non-surgical biopsies are done using ultrasound or x-ray guidance.
Surgical biopsies, while slightly more invasive, have the benefit of offering a more conclusive diagnosis and also the ability to remove the abnormal tissue at the same time as performing the biopsy. At NYC Surgical Associates, we always tailor our approach to offer the minimal disruption to our patients lives, while maintaining our ability to provide the most appropriate and definitive treatment.